Supradyn 15 Tablet
Vitamin A is used to prevent vitamin A deficiency diseases. It also helps to prevent vitamin A deficiency in the patients with diabetes, hyperthyroidism, liver disorders, cystic fibrosis and abeta lipoproteinemia (genetic disorder). It helps to reduce the risk of cataracts, xeropthalmia and retinitis pigmentosa- A disease caused by damage to the retina. It reduces the risk of breast cancer in the premenopausal women. Vitamin B12 is used to treat vitamin B12 deficiency. It is also used in the treatment of pernicious anemia. Vitamin B12 deficiency is seen in patients with fish tapeworm infestation, malignancy of pancreas or bowel and folic acid deficiency. Pyridoxine is used for the prevention and treatment of vitamin B6 deficiency disorders. It is used to treat sideroblastic anemia, reduce homocysteine levels in the body and reduces the risk of heart diseases. It is used to treat premenstrual syndrome and morning sickness in women. It is also used to prevent seizures, convulsions in the epileptic patients. Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) is indicated for the treatment of vitamin D deficiency, bone disorders such as rickets, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, hypoparathyroidism, and other conditions where vitamin D3 is deficient which include celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, and liver problems. Vitamin E is used to treat vitamin E deficiency diseases. It is used to treat ataxia- a genetic movement disorder. It has erythropoetic action and reduces the risk of anemia. It is prescribed to treat beta- thalassemia. Vitamin E is prescribed along with vitamin C for the treatment of uveitis- swelling in the middle layer of the eye. Vitamin E reduces the risk of nerve damage in the patients undergoing cisplatin chemotherapy. Vitamin E reduces the risk of infertility ion males, and miscarriage and menstrual problems in females.
How does the drug work?
Vitamin A is a fat- soluble vitamin. It plays an important role in the reproduction, growth and development of the brain. It also helps to maintain proper functioning of the immune system. Vitamin A is converted to its active form II-Cis retinal in the retinal of the eye. It plays a role in the production of the pigments that are required for the normal vision in the dim light. Vitamin A is also essential for differentiation and normal functioning of the epithelial tissues that line the intestine, urinary tract and respiratory tract. Vitamin A also plays a role in the spermatogenesis and maintains the integrity of the vaginal and testicular tissues. Vitamin B12 plays an important role in the cell growth, cell reproduction, hematopoiesis, and myelin synthesis (in the nerves). It works in conjugation with folic acid and enhances the synthesis of DNA. Vitamin B12 maintains the function of bone marrow and enhances the production of red blood cells. It is also required for the metabolism of carbohydrate, fat and protein. Deficiency of vitamin B12 can decrease the metabolism of folic acid and can lead to folic acid deficiency. Pyridoxine is also known as vitamin B6. It consists of pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, and their phosphorylated derivatives. These compounds are closely related and are collectively called as vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 acts as a coenzyme in various biochemical reactions such as metabolism of amino acids, glycogen, and synthesis of nucleic acids, hemoglobin, sphingomyelin, and sphingolipids. It also takes part in the synthesis of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine and gamma-aminobutyric acid. Cholecalciferol is a steroid hormone that regulates calcium and phosphorus absorption, bone mineralization, and vitamin A assimilation. In the body, vitamin D3 is converted into its active form calcitriol. Calcitriol acts by increasing the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It also promotes intestinal absorption of calcium and increases the levels of serum calcium. Vitamin E has antioxidant property and prevents cell damage. It prevents cardiovascular diseases, improves immune functions and enhances DNA repair. It also has anticoagulant, antiviral and neuroprotective activity. It reduces the production of free radicals and prevents skin damage. It also increases the skin healing in the patients with burns and injuries. It reduces the risk of cancer. Vitamin E prevents the destruction of other fat soluble vitamins and enhances their utility. Vitamin E improves the sterility in males and females.
What are the common side effect?
Bleeding from gums or sore mouth, confusion, diarrhea, dizziness or drowsiness, double vision, headache, and irritability are some of the common side effects of vitamin A. The common side effects of methylcobalamine are stomach pain, bleeding from the gums or nose, bluish discoloration of the lips and fingernails, chest pain, cough, decreased urine output, difficulty in breathing, eye pain, fatigue, and increased heartbeat. Some common side effects reported by the users are nausea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, headache, drowsiness, numbness and tingling sensation in the limbs, numbness around the mouth, lethargy, tiredness, impaired balance, loss or reduces sensation to touch, temperature, and vision. The cholecalciferol side effects include loss of appetite, increased urination, increased thirst, mental/mood changes, muscle weakness, constipation, and unusual tiredness. Some common side effects of vitamin E are diarrhea, blurred vision, dizziness, headache, nausea and stomach cramps, tiredness, and weakness are reported by few users.
Important Information for use
• People with bone marrow depression should not use Zepcar CR medicine.
• Avoid the Zepcar CR drug if an allergic reaction was seen with an earlier use of carbamazepine.
• Do not take any other antidepressant drugs along with Carbafen tablet. If a MAO-inhibitor drug was used in the past 14 days, then do not take Zepcar CR.
• Call the doctor immediately in the case of skin rash, unusual weakness, bleeding and fever. This is because of the chances of Carbafen side effects such as life-threatening skin rash.
• Continue the Zepcar CR medication for the full length prescribed by the doctor.
• Pregnant women should not start or stop using Zepcar CR unless instructed by the doctor.
• Don’t get exposed to sunlight due to the risk of sunburn with Zepcar CR.
• Do not take grapefruit juice while using Zepcar CR.
FAQs :Vitamin A
1. Is vitamin A safe for pregnant and lactating females? Yes. Vitamin A is safe for pregnant and lactating females. However, consult your physician before taking the medication.
2. Does vitamin A reduces the risk of breast cancer? A: Yes. Vitamin A has antioxidant activity and reduces the risk of breast cancer.
3. Can I take vitamin A to reduce acne and pimples? A: Yes. Vitamin A has antioxidant activity and helps to maintain tissue integrity and healthy skin. It effectively reduces acne and pimple. Consult your physician for safe use.
4. How should I store vitamin A supplements? Vitamin A supplements should be stores at room temperature (25oC) away from direct sunlight and moisture.
5. Can I take Vitamin E supplements along with Vitamin A supplements? Yes. Vitamin E enhances the storage and utilization of vitamin A. Consult your physician before taking both the medications together. Vitamin B12 (Methylcobalamine)
1. What dietary restrictions should I follow while taking vitamin B12 supplements? You should avoid drinking alcohol while taking vitamin B12 supplements.
2. Is it safe to give vitamin B12 supplements for children? Yes, vitamin B12 supplements are safe for children. They are prescribed for the treatment of pernicious anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency in the infants and children.
3. Can I take vitamin B12 supplements during pregnancy? Yes, you can take vitamin B12 supplements during pregnancy as it promotes the growth of red blood cells in the mother and fetus.
4. Should I undergo any test while taking vitamin B12 supplements? Vitamin B12 supplements may decrease potassium levels in patients with severe vitamin B12 deficiency.
5. Can I take any other medications along with vitamin B12 supplements? You must discuss with your doctor before taking any other medications. Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
1. Does vitamin B6 help to treat carpal tunnel syndrome? Yes, vitamin B6 helps to treat carpal tunnel syndrome. Consult your physician for safe use.
2. What is the daily requirement of vitamin B6 to prevent deficiency disease? A daily intake of
2.2 mg will help to prevent deficiency diseases. Pregnant women need
2.6 mg and lactating women need
2.5 mg of pyridoxine daily.
3. What are the dietary sources of vitamin B6? Fish, liver, and citrus fruits are some of the dietary sources of vitamin B
4. Can I take any other medications along with vitamin B6 supplements? You must discuss with your doctor before taking any other medications.
5. How should I take vitamin B6 supplements? You should take vitamin B6 supplements every day after meals. Follow the instructions given by your physician or the manufacturer for safe use. Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol)
1. Is it safe to use the drug in pregnancy? If the benefits outweigh the potential risks, vitamin D3 can be used in pregnancy. Before taking the drug, you must consult your doctor.
2. Is it safe to drive while taking vitamin D3 medication? If you experience dizziness, or a headache as the side effect of the drug, it may not be safe to drive.
3. Can I stop taking the drug immediately or do I need to taper? Certain medications require tapering of the dose or frequency and may cause rebound effects if stopped immediately. You must seek the medical advice before stopping the medication.
4. Can cholecalciferol be used for the treatment of osteoporosis and rickets? Yes. Cholecalciferol is considered as best vitamin D3 supplement for treating the bone disorders such as osteoporosis and rickets. Do not use the drug without consulting your physician.
5. What are the signs and symptoms of overdose? The signs and symptoms of vitamin D3 overdose are weakness, metallic taste in your mouth, nausea, frequent urination, and vomiting. Seek medical care if you experience any of the above symptoms. Vitamin E
1. Does vitamin E helps to prevent painful menstruation? Yes. Vitamin E reduces the production of free radicals and prevents painful menstruation. Consult your physician for safe use.
2. Does vitamin E helps to improve memory in patients with Alzheimer’s diseases? Yes. Vitamin E prevents damage to the nerve and brain cells and thereby improves memory in the patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Consult your physician for safe use.
3. Does vitamin E is useful to prevent wrinkles and fine lines on the skin? Yes. Vitamin E has antioxidant activity and reduces skin aging. You can use vitamin E to prevent wrinkles and fine lines on the skin. However, consult your physician to know the right dose and instructions for safe use.
4. How should I store vitamin E supplements? Vitamin E supplements should be stores at room temperature (25oC) away from direct sunlight and moisture.
5. Is vitamin E safe for pregnant and lactating women? Yes. Vitamin E is safe for pregnant and lactating women. However, consult your doctor before taking the medication.