Apcal 150 Mg Syrup 150 Ml
Calcium is essential for the human body for various purposes. Calcium can be taken together with Vitamin D to treat bone problems such as thinning of bones. In kidney failure patients, calcium helps to reduce the parathyroid hormone levels. Calcium is also used to treat the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) (e.g. mood swings, pain, food cravings, bloating, etc.) in women. The salt form of calcium is used to treat indigestion problems and heartburn. Vitamin D3 is also known as cholecalciferol. It is mainly used to prevent and treat vitamin D deficiency diseases. It improves the absorption of calcium and strengthens bones. It helps to prevent skin and bone diseases in the children and adults. Vitamin D3 is prescribed in combination with phosphate supplements to treat bone disorders. Vitamin D3 improves the absorption of phosphate levels and help to treat phosphate efficiency diseases such as Fanconi syndrome. It is prescribed to improve calcium levels in the patients with parathyroid hormone disorders. It helps to prevent bone loss and softening of bone in the elderly. It is prescribed to increase the bone strength in the patients with osteoporosis.
How does the drug work ?
Calcium is an essential mineral for the formation of bones. Increase in the levels of calcium in the blood inhibits the parathyroid gland from secreting the parathyroid hormone. Calcium works by neutralizing the acid in the stomach. Correcting the calcium levels helps in the adequate release of chemical substances from the brain involved in regulating the ovarian hormones, thus, reducing PMS symptoms. Vitamin D3 also known as cholecalciferol is catalyzed into its active form calcitriol in the liver with the help of the enzyme 25-hydroxylase. Calcitriol binds to the vitamin D receptor located in the intestine and increases the serum calcium levels by enhancing the gastrointestinal absorption of the phosphorous and calcium. It also increases the reabsorption of calcium from distal renal tubule.
What are the common side effects ?The common side effects of calcium include belching, gas formation, bloating, and constipation. The common side effects reported for vitamin D3 are cough, difficulty in swallowing, dizziness, fast heartbeat, hives or itching, skin rashes, puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, swelling of face, lips or tongue, skin rash, tightness in the chest and tiredness or weakness.
Important Information for Safe Use:
• Do not take Apcal if allergic reaction has been experienced to any of its ingredients in the past. There is every possibility to have a similar reaction which may be a serious Apcal side effect.
• Med Apcal should not be used by the patients with extremely high levels of calcium or vitamin D (e.g. parathyroid gland disorders and sarcoidosis).
• Before taking any other drugs along with the Apcal calcium tablets, inform a doctor to avoid unwanted effects due to the interactions. It is especially important to avoid ceftriaxone due to the risk of damage to lungs and kidneys.
• Apcal should be taken with caution by people having conditions such as achlorhydria (low stomach acid), hypo or hyperphosphatemia (low or high phosphate levels), hypothyroidism, and poor kidney function.
• Pregnant or breastfeeding women should take the Apcal medicine only with a doctor’s recommendation.
• Do not smoke while taking Apcal med, because it can reduce the absorption of the drug.
• Take the exact Apcal dosage as prescribed by the doctor. Exceeding the dose can lead to unwanted effects of the drug.
• Go through the label thoroughly to know the side effects of Abocal and safety instructions before use.
1. I have low stomach acid levels. How should I take calcium tablets? Low levels of stomach acid can reduce the absorption of calcium. Therefore, you must take the tablets with meals to increase the absorption.
2. Can I take thyroid stimulating medications along with calcium? Calcium can interfere with the thyroid medications. Therefore, take these drugs with a time gap of at least 4 hours.
3. Can I take antibiotics and calcium together? Absorption of some of the antibiotics gets lowered in the presence of calcium. Therefore, give a gap of at least 1 hour between taking the two drugs.
4. What is the dose of calcium for heartburn? Usually, 0.5-
1.5 grams of the antacid calcium carbonate helps to relieve heartburn. However, you must consult a doctor to know the right dose for you.
5. Should I take calcium tablets with food or without food? It is better to take calcium tablets with food to promote absorption of the medicine. Vitamin D3
1. Is Vitamin D3 safe to take during pregnancy? Yes. It is safe to take during pregnancy. Consult your physician before taking vitamin D3 supplements.
2. Does vitamin D3 help in the reduction of the symptoms of rickets? Yes. Vitamin D3 enhances the absorption of calcium and reduces the symptom of rickets.
3. Can I take Vitamin D3 with other medications? Consult your physician before taking vitamin D3 along with other medications to prevent possible drug interactions.
4. Is Vitamin D3 helpful in reducing osteoporosis in the post-menopausal women? Yes. Vitamin D3 reduces the risk of osteoporosis in the post-menopausal women by preventing the softening of bones and increases the absorption of calcium and phosphorus levels.
5. How should I store vitamin D3 supplements? Vitamin D3 supplements should be stored at room temperature (25oC) away from direct sunlight and moisture.