Astymin Liquid Syrup 110 Ml
L-histidine L-histidine hydrochloride is the amino acid, the building blocks of proteins. It is used for rheumatoid arthritis, allergic diseases, ulcers, and anemia due to kidney problems. L-isoleucine L- isoleucine is an essential aliphatic amino acid of many proteins. It is used for wound healing, detoxification, and immune function. It produces hormones, regulates blood sugar levels, and energy levels. L-leucine L-leucine is the main amino acid of the three branched chain amino acids. It is useful in the muscle protein synthesis, insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, protein synthesis and many metabolic functions. It is also used for bone repair, growth hormone production etc. L-lysine L-Lysine hydrochloride is an amino acid which is used to prevent and treat cold sores caused by herpes simplex virus. It is also used for the treatment of osteoporosis. L-valine L-valine is a hydrophobic essential amino acid. It helps to maintain mental vigor, muscle coordination, emotional calm, muscle and tissue repair. L-Methionine L-Methionine is an amino acid which is mainly used as an antidote for acetaminophen poisoning. It is also used as a chelating agent for heavy metals. L-tryptophan L-tryptophan is an essential amino acid found in many plants and animal proteins. It is used for insomnia, sleeplessness, depression, anxiety, facial pain, smoking cessation, grinding teeth during sleep, ADHD, and Tourette's syndrome. Vitamin A Vitamin A treats and prevents vitamin A deficiency diseases. It also helps to prevent vitamin A deficiency in the patients with diabetes, hyperthyroidism, liver disorders, cystic fibrosis and abeta lipoproteinemia (genetic disorder). It helps to reduce the risk of cataracts, xeropthalmia and retinitis pigmentosa- A disease caused by damage to the retina. It reduces the risk of breast cancer in the premenopausal women. Vitamin E Vitamin E is an antioxidant. It is used in the treatment of vitamin E deficiency. It aids in wound healing, treat ataxia, relieves from fatigue and an energy booster. Vitamin D3 Vitamin D3 is indicated for the treatment of vitamin D deficiency, bone disorders such as rickets, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, hypoparathyroidism, and other conditions where vitamin D3 is deficient which include celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, and liver problems. Thiamine Thiamine is used for the treatment of wernicke-korsakoff syndrome (WKS). It helps to treat and prevent thiamine deficiency symptoms. It is used for the treatment of beriberi, delirium, peripheral neuritis, and niacin deficiency. It is used for the treatment of metabolic disorders in the patients with genetic diseases such as Leigh’s disease, maple syrup urine disease and others. It is uses to prevent WKS in the patients experiencing alcohol withdrawal syndrome. It reduces the risk of cataracts. It prevents dysmenorrhea in the girls of 12-21 years old. Riboflavin Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2. It is used for the treatment and prevention of riboflavin deficiency. It is used to reduce the risk of cataracts. It reduces the levels of homocysteine and prevents hyperhomocysteinemia. It is reduce the number of migraine attacks. It helps to reduce muscle cramps. It is prescribed to treat congenital methemoglobinemia and red blood cells aplasia. Pyridoxine Pyridoxine is used to treat sideroblastic anemia. It is used to treat premenstrual syndrome and morning sickness in women. It also used to prevent seizures, convulsions in the epileptic patients. Ascorbic Acid Vitamin C helps the body in many ways. It boosts up the immunity and is necessary for the normal growth and development. It acts as an antioxidant thereby prevents the cell damage and slows down the aging process. Vitamin C also plays a major role in wound healing. It helps the body to absorb iron, which is essential for the production of RBCs. It is used in the treatment of scurvy. It prevents the possibility of cataract and lead toxicity. It is also used to lower blood pressure Methylcobalamin Methylcobalamin is a form of vitamin B12 which is used to treat vitamin B12 deficiency. It is also used in the treatment of pernicious anemia. Vitamin B12 deficiency is seen in patients with fish tapeworm infestation, a malignancy of pancreas or bowel and folic acid deficiency. Niacinamide Niacinamide reduces the cholesterol levels and is used for dyslipidemia, primary hyperlipidemia, and severe hyperlipidemia. It helps to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. It is used for the treatment and prevention of niacin deficiency diseases such as pellagra. It is used to prevent cataract and dementia. Calcium Pantothenate Calcium pantothenate is used for the treatment and prevention of pantothenic acid deficiency. It is used for the prevention of skin reactions in the patients undergoing radiation therapy.
Mode of drug action:
L-histidine L-histidine hydrochloride is an essential amino acid which is not produced in the body and obtained from external sources like fish, meat, and cheese. It is involved in the formation of proteins and influences many metabolic activities in the body. L-isoleucine L- isoleucine is one of the nine essential amino acids of dietary proteins. It has diversified physiological functions. It is an isomer of leucine. It is an essential nutrient which is not synthesized in the body. It must be taken through food sources. L-leucine L-leucine is a dietary amino acid. It slows the degradation of muscle tissue by increasing the synthesis of muscle proteins. It also decreases food intake and lowers body weight by binding to sestrin 2 and activate m TORC1 receptor. L-Lysine L- Lysine hydrochloride is an amino acid which enhances the absorption of calcium. It also takes part in the formation of collagen, which makes up bones and cartilage. Therefore, it is used for the treatment of osteoporosis. It kills the herpes simplex virus by cytopathogenicity. L-valine L-valine helps to prevent the breakdown of muscle by supplying extra glucose for energy production. It removes excess nitrogen by transporting it to other tissues where necessary. L-valine treats liver and gall bladder disease caused due to alcoholism and drug abuse. L-Methionine L-Methionine has anti-hepatotoxic activity. However, its mechanism of action is not clearly known. A high dose of acetaminophen or paracetamol decreases the hepatic glutathione levels, increases oxidative stress and increases the risk of hepatotoxicity. L-Methionine is a precursor of L-cysteine which has antioxidant activity. Therefore, L-methionine decreases the oxidative stress and reduces the risk of hepatotoxicity in the patients having acetaminophen poisoning. L-Tryptophan L-tryptophan is not synthesized in the body, it is obtained from the diet. It plays a main role in many functions of the body development and function. Human body converts L-tryptophan into 5-HTP and then to serotonin. It is important to send signals to the brain and nerve cells. It also causes narrowing of blood vessels by constriction them. Vitamin A Vitamin A treats and prevents vitamin A deficiency diseases. It also helps to prevent vitamin A deficiency in the patients with diabetes, hyperthyroidism, liver disorders, cystic fibrosis and abeta lipoproteinemia (genetic disorder). It helps to reduce the risk of cataracts, xerophthalmia and retinitis pigmentosa- A disease caused by damage to the retina. It reduces the risk of breast cancer in the premenopausal women. Vitamin E Vitamin E is an antioxidant. It is used in the treatment of vitamin E deficiency. It aids in wound healing, treat ataxia, relieves from fatigue and an energy booster. Vitamin D3 Vitamin D3 is a steroid hormone that regulates calcium and phosphorus absorption, bone mineralization, and vitamin A assimilation. In the body, vitamin D3 is converted into its active form calcitriol. Calcitriol acts by increasing the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. It also promotes intestinal absorption of calcium and increases the levels of serum calcium. Thiamine The common side effects reported for vitamin B1 are: coughing, difficulty in swallowing, hives, itching of skin, swelling of face, lips and eyelids, wheezing of difficulty in breathing. Riboflavin Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2. Riboflavin is a precursor of flavin mononucleotide and flavin adenine dinucleotide. It is easily absorbed in the stomach and plays a major role in maintaining good health in the human. It enhances the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. It plays an important role in the formation of red blood cells, production of antibodies and regulating the activity of thyroid gland. Riboflavin is essential for proper development and functioning of the skin. It acts as antioxidant and helps to maintain integrity of the skin, nails and hair. It also protects the lining of the digestive tract, blood cells and many other parts of the body. Pyridoxine Pyridoxine is also known as vitamin B6. It consists of pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, and their phosphorylated derivatives. Vitamin B6 acts as a coenzyme in various biochemical reactions such as metabolism of amino acids, glycogen, and synthesis of nucleic acids, hemoglobin, sphingomyelin, and sphingolipids. It also takes part in the synthesis of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine and gamma-aminobutyric acid. Ascorbic Acid Vitamin C is also known as ascorbic acid which is an antioxidant. Antioxidants act by blocking free radicals which can damage the cells. Vitamin C helps in the production of collagen which is an important protein for healthy skin, hair, nails, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage. Methylcobalamin Vitamin B12 plays an important role in the cell growth, cell reproduction, hematopoiesis, and myelin synthesis (in the nerves). It works in conjugation with folic acid and enhances the synthesis of DNA. Vitamin B12 maintains the functions of bone marrow and enhances the production of red blood cells. It is also required for the metabolism of carbohydrate, fat, and protein. Deficiency of vitamin B12 can decrease the metabolism of folic acid and can lead to folic acid deficiency. Niacinamide Niacinamide is the component of vitamin B3. It is usually indicated for prevention and treatment of vitamin B3 deficiency diseases. Niacinamide is the precursor to Niacinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and Niacinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP), which are the cofactors for various enzymes. Niacin is converted into Niacinamide in the body. Niacinamide reduces LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL cholesterol levels. It reduces the risk of coronary diseases in the patients. Calcium Pantothenate Calcium pantothenate is a pantothenic acid supplements which is a water soluble vitamin. Oantothenic acid is a precursor of coenzyme A and takes part in various metabolic functions such as metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. It also plays an important role in the synthesis of steroids, porphyrins and acetylcholine. It is essential for maintain normal epithelial functions. It is prescribed for the infants and children to prevent deficiency diseases.
What are the common side effects?
L-histidine The commonly reported side effects of L-histidine hydrochloride are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. L-isoleucine The side effects of L- isoleucine are allergic reactions, itching, and rashes. L-Leucine The common known side effects of L-leucine are pellagra, diarrhea, and dermatitis. L-Lysine The side effects of L-Lysine hydrochloride are stomach pain, diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, and vomiting. L-lysine can cause stomach cramps in the patients who are intolerant to lysinuric protein. L-valine The common side effects of L-valine are irritation, skin-crawling sensation, and hallucinations. L-Methionine L-Methionine is safe when taken as prescribed by the physician. High doses of L-methionine can increase the level of homocysteine and increases the risk of heart diseases. Some common side effects include headache, nausea, and vomiting. L-tryptophan The common side effects of L-tryptophan are heartburn, stomach pain, belching and gas, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. Vitamin A Vitamin A treats and prevents vitamin A deficiency diseases. It also helps to prevent vitamin A deficiency in the patients with diabetes, hyperthyroidism, liver disorders, cystic fibrosis and abeta lipoproteinemia (genetic disorder). It helps to reduce the risk of cataracts, xerophthalmia and retinitis pigmentosa- A disease caused by damage to the retina. It reduces the risk of breast cancer in the premenopausal women. Vitamin E Vitamin E is an antioxidant. It is used in the treatment of vitamin E deficiency. It aids in wound healing, treat ataxia, relieves from fatigue and an energy booster. Vitamin D3 The vitamin D3 side effects include loss of appetite, increased urination, increased thirst, mental/mood changes, muscle weakness, constipation, and unusual tiredness. Thiamine The common side effects reported for vitamin B1 are: coughing, difficulty in swallowing, hives, itching of skin, swelling of face, lips and eyelids, wheezing of difficulty in breathing. Riboflavin The common side effects reported for riboflavin are: Increased urine frequency, diarrhea, and yellowish-orange discoloration of urine. Pyridoxine Some common side effects reported by the users are nausea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, headache, drowsiness, numbness and tingling sensation in the limbs, numbness around the mouth, lethargy, tiredness, impaired balance, loss or reduces sensation to touch, temperature, and vision. Ascorbic Acid Vitamin C side effects include nausea and vomiting, headache, flushing, skin redness, back pain, diarrhea, stomach cramp, and stomach upset. Methylcobalamin The common side effects of methylcobalamin are stomach pain, bleeding from the gums or nose, bluish discoloration of the lips and fingernails, chest pain, cough, decreased urine output, difficulty in breathing, eye pain, fatigue, and increased heartbeat. Niacinamide The common side effects reported for Niacinamide are diarrhea, dizziness, headache, itching, nausea, stomach upset and flushing of the skin. Calcium Pantothenate No major side effects are reported for calcium pantothenate. Some patients reported to experience nausea and vomiting.
Pregnancy: Safe Alcohol: Safe Kidney dysfunction: Caution required Liver dysfunction: Caution required
Special precautions for safe use:
• Do not take Astymin Liquid if an allergic reaction has been experienced with any of its ingredients in the past.
• People with cirrhosis, herpes infection, low blood pressure, diabetes, recent heart attack, and kidney disease, should use the Astymin Liquid drug with caution.
• Be careful while doing activities which increase the risk of bleeding such as shaving and brushing teeth, etc. while using Astymin Liquid infusion.
• Pregnant and lactating women should consult doctor before taking Astymin Liquid medication.
• Follow the instructions of the doctor and take the Astymin Liquid medicine accordingly. This helps to reduce or avoid the unwanted effects associated with the drug use.
• Do not discontinue Astymin Liquid medicine unless suggested by the doctor because it can lead to rebound effects due to sudden withdrawal.
What else should I know?
1. What are the symptoms of L-histidine hydrochloride deficiency? The deficiency symptoms of L-histidine hydrochloride are dry skin, fatigue, and anemia.
2. What if I overdose? An overdose of L-histidine hydrochloride causes histidinemia, a rare inherited disorder. L-isoleucine
1. What are the sources of L- isoleucine? L- isoleucine is not produced in animals. It is mainly present in egg, soy protein, seaweed, turkey, chicken, lamb, and fish.
2. What if I overdose? Excess buildup of L- isoleucine in the body causes maple syrup urine disease. L-leucine
1. What is the importance of L-leucine than the other two amino acids of three chain amino acid? L-leucine is more potent and the only amino acid to which m TOR (mechanistic target of rapamycin).
2. Does L-leucine lower weight? Yes, L-leucine is reported to lower weight without muscle breakdown. L-Lysine
1. Is L-Lysine hydrochloride useful for the treatment of osteoarthritis? Yes. L-Lysine hydrochloride increases the formation of collagen which is essential for the formation of bones and cartilage.
2. Is L-lysine hydrochloride is effective against viral infections? No. L-lysine hydrochloride does not have antiviral action. L-valine
1. What does L-valine do for the body? L-valine plays a vital role in supplying energy for the muscles.
2. What is the effect of L-valine in sickle-cell disease? In sickle-cell disease, glutamic acid is substituted with L-valine in β-globin, because valine is hydrophobic which causes aggregation of hemoglobin. L-Methionine
1. How should I take L-Methionine? Take L-Methionine with, or just after meals. Follow the instructions of physician for safe use.
2. Are there any special dietary recommendations that I need to follow while taking the medication? Include enough protein in the diet to prevent abnormal weight gain. Consult the physician to know more.
3. Is L-Methionine prescribed to infants and children? Yes. L-Methionine is prescribed to infants and children with slight dose changes.
4. Can I take any other medications along with L-Methionine? You must discuss with your doctor before taking any other medications. L-tryptophan
1. What happens if I overdose? Overdose and prolonged usage of L-tryptophan cause eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) which may lead to death.
2. What are the drugs that interact with L-tryptophan? Drugs such as antidepressants, MAOIs, and sedatives may have drug-drug interactions when taken along with L-tryptophan. Vitamin A
1. Is vitamin A safe for pregnant and lactating females? Yes. Vitamin A is safe for pregnant and lactating females. However, consult your physician before taking the medication.
2. Does vitamin A reduces the risk of breast cancer? Yes. Vitamin A has antioxidant activity and reduces the risk of breast cancer.
3. Can I take vitamin A to reduce acne and pimples? Yes. Vitamin A has antioxidant activity and helps to maintain tissue integrity and healthy skin. It effectively reduces acne and pimple. Consult your physician for safe use. Vitamin E
1. Does vitamin E helps to prevent painful menstruation? Yes. Vitamin E reduces the production of free radicals and prevents painful menstruation. Consult your physician for safe use.
2. Does vitamin E helps to improve memory in patients with Alzheimer’s diseases? Yes. Vitamin E prevents damage to the nerve and brain cells and thereby improves memory in the patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Consult your physician for safe use. Vitamin D3
1. Is it safe to use this drug in pregnancy? If the benefits outweigh the potential risks, vitamin D3 can be used in pregnancy. Before taking the drug, you must consult your doctor.
2. Is it safe to drive while taking vitamin D3 medication? If you experience dizziness, or a headache as the side effect of the drug, it may not be safe to drive.
3. Can I stop taking the drug immediately or do I need to taper? Certain medications require tapering of the dose or frequency and may cause rebound effects if stopped immediately. You must seek the medical advice before stopping the medication. Thiamine
1. Is it safe to take thiamine during pregnancy? Yes, thiamine is safe during pregnancy. Consult your physician for safe use.
2. What are the dietary sources of thiamine? Cereals, beans, nuts, yeast and meat are some of the dietary sources of thiamine.
3. Can I take any other medications along with thiamine supplements? You must discuss with your doctor before taking any other medications Riboflavin
1. Can I take riboflavin to prevent dryness of skin and ageing? Yes. Riboflavin has antioxidant action and improves the skin integrity. Consult your physician to know the risk dose and for safe use.
2. What is the daily requirement of riboflavin to prevent deficiency disease? A daily intake of
1.6 mg for an adult male and
1.2 mg for an adult female will help to prevent deficiency diseases. Pregnant women need
1.5 mg and lactating women need
1.8 mg of riboflavin daily. Pyridoxine
1. What care I should take while using pyridoxine? Pyridoxine is a vitamin supplement which should be taken only if needed. If may cause abnormal heart rhythms, and may cause low blood pressure, regular monitoring of the blood levels is suggested.
2. What is the effect of pyridoxine in diabetic patients? Pyridoxine may alter blood sugar levels. Regular monitoring of the blood sugar levels is need while using the drug. Ascorbic Acid
1. Is it safe to take iron tablets along with vitamin C? Yes, vitamin C helps to increase the absorption of iron.
2. I am experiencing cold very often, my doctor prescribed vitamin C, how does this help? Frequent cold attacks may be a result of decreased immunity. Vitamin C helps to boost your immunity thereby reducing your cold attacks.
3. Can I take vitamin C for acne? Vitamin C helps in growth and repair of tissues in all parts of your body, including skin. However, consult your doctor before using vitamin C or any condition. Methylcobalamin
1. What dietary restrictions should I follow while taking vitamin B12 supplements? You should avoid drinking alcohol while taking vitamin B12 supplements.
2. Is it safe to give vitamin B12 supplements for children? Yes, vitamin B12 supplements are safe for children. They are prescribed for the treatment of pernicious anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency in the infants and children. Calcium Pantothenate
1. What dietary restrictions I should follow while taking calcium pantothenate supplements? You should avoid drinking alcohol while taking calcium pantothenate supplements.
2. Can calcium pantothenate e supplements safe for children? Yes, calcium pantothenate supplements are safe for children.