Calcitriol is an active metabolite of vitamin D which is used to treat low levels of calcium that occurs due to conditions such as hypoparathyroidism, chronic renal dialysis, and plaque psoriasis. Calcium carbonate is a dietary calcium supplement which is used for the treatment of hypocalcemia or low blood calcium levels. It is also used to treat osteoporosis, heartburn, indigestion, and hyperphosphatemia in patients with chronic renal failure. Zinc is an essential mineral that is available as a dietary supplement. Zinc helps in bone mineralization and maintaining bone matrix. It also improves the immune system, aids in wound healing and cell division, and metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
How does the drug work?
Calcitriol promotes absorption of dietary calcium from the gastrointestinal tract and increases renal tubular reabsorption, thereby increasing blood calcium levels. It also promotes calcium release from bone cells. Calcium carbonate supplements calcium in the diet. It also prevents absorption of phosphate from the gastrointestinal tract in people with kidney disease. Zinc available from the Gemcal capsule supplements zinc required for the normal growth of the body.
What are the common side effect?
The main side effect of calcitriol is hyperglycemia. Other effects include weakness, loss of appetite, metallic taste, nausea, vomiting, constipation, increased thirst, sweating, itching, and headache. The common side effects of calcium carbonate are constipation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence, indigestion, increased thirst, and abdominal pain. The common side effects of zinc are vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and metallic taste in the mouth.
Important Info Avoid alcohol as it can impair the absorption of Gemcal drug. Don’t take antacids while using tablet Gemcal. Patients with renal impairment may need to discuss with the doctor about their condition for proper Gemcal medicine use. Gemcal side effects may worsen if there is a concomitant administration of vitamin D supplements.
FAQs : Calcitriol
1. Do I need to follow special dietary instructions while taking calcitriol? Yes. You need to take calcium rich foods as the medication is effective only in the presence of adequate levels of calcium in the body. However, do not consume too much of calcium foods as excess intake may cause adverse effects.
2. Is calcitriol safe in pregnancy? No significant scientific data is present to determine the safe use of calcitriol in pregnancy. It is recommended to consult your doctor before taking the drug.
3. Is calcitriol same as vitamin D? Calcitriol is the active metabolite of vitamin D. Skin synthesis plain form of vitamin D, which is metabolized into calcidiol in liver. In the kidney, calcidiol is further metabolized into calcitriol, the active metabolite.
4. I am experiencing a metallic taste in mouth and loss of appetite after taking calcitriol. Is that common? Loss of appetite and metallic taste are effects seen due to increased calcium levels in the blood due to the use of calcitriol. Your doctor may do a dose adjustment of calcitriol medication to subside these effects.
5. Can I take vitamin D supplements along with calcitriol? No. You should not take vitamin D supplements, multivitamins that contain Calcium carbonate
1. Is calcium carbonate good for health? Calcium carbonate is a dietary calcium supplement and can be used to treat low blood levels of calcium.
2. Is calcium carbonate used to treat osteoporosis? Osteoporosis occurs due to low calcium levels. Calcium carbonate, a calcium supplement, can help in treating and preventing osteoporosis.
3. Can calcium carbonate be taken with milk? Yes. Consuming foods fortified with vitamin D can enhance calcium absorption. So, you can consume milk, egg yolks, or fish along with the use of calcium carbonate.
4. Can calcium carbonate be taken with food? It is preferable to take calcium carbonate after a meal as acid produced in the stomach during digestion can help in calcium absorption.
5. Is calcium carbonate safe in pregnancy? Calcium carbonate can be used during pregnancy as a calcium supplement. However, it is recommended to consult a doctor before taking the medication. Zinc
1. Is zinc an over-the-counter medication? Yes. Zinc is used as an ingredient in many over-the-counter vitamin and nutrient supplements.
2. What is the recommended dietary intake of zinc? The recommended dietary intake of zinc is 4 to 7 mg per day for women and
5.5 to 9.5 mg per day for men.
3. What are the dietary sources of zinc? Milk, eggs, cheese, nuts, pulses, and wholegrain cereals are the dietary sources of zinc.
4. What are the safety precautions for taking a zinc supplement? You need to take the medication as prescribed by your doctor. Usually, it is considered safe in recommended doses even in infants, children, pregnant and lactating women.
5. Can I take antibiotics while using zinc supplement? Antibiotics may interact with zinc. So, you should take a doctor’s advice before taking antibiotics along with zinc supplements.