Glunorm Tablet 10
Metformin helps to reduce blood sugar levels. It is mainly prescribed for the management of type 2 diabetes. It is prescribed either as mono therapy or in combination with other antihyperglycemic drugs. It helps to prevent kidney damage, blindness, and nerve disorders in the diabetic patients. It is also prescribed for the treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). However, metformin is not prescribed for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. Pioglitazone is an antidiabetic medicine used to control the blood sugar levels during the treatment of type 2 diabetic patients. Picolinic Acid is used in the absorption and transportation of certain minerals. It is also used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, dementia in Parkinson’s disease, and head trauma.
How does the drug work?
Metformin is an oral antihyperglycemic agent which is mainly used to treat hyperglycemia. It reduces blood glucose levels by decreasing the glucose absorption from the gastrointestinal tract, improves the insulin sensitivity by increasing the uptake of glucose into muscle and inhibits biosynthesis of glucose from amino acids. Pioglitazone increases the glucose uptake in the cells by increasing the sensitivity of peripheral cells for insulin. It also inhibits the release of glucose from the liver. Picolinic Acid is a pyridine acid derivative which acts by regulating certain chemicals in the brain.
What are the common side effect?
The common side effects reported for metformin are acidity, bleaching, bloating, heart burn, loss of appetite, metallic taste in mouth, vomiting, weight loss, and stomach pain. In rare cases, patients have reported abnormal stools, joint pain, flu-like symptoms, runny nose, sneezing, swollen joints and discoloration of finger nails or toe nails. The common side effects of pioglitazone are headache, cold symptoms (e.g. stuffy nose, sneezing, sinus pain), muscle pain, and sore throat. The common side effects associated with Picolinic Acid are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache.
Important Information for use
• People with bone marrow depression should not use Zepcar CR medicine.
• Avoid the Zepcar CR drug if an allergic reaction was seen with an earlier use of carbamazepine.
• Do not take any other antidepressant drugs along with Carbafen tablet. If a MAO-inhibitor drug was used in the past 14 days, then do not take Zepcar CR.
• Call the doctor immediately in the case of skin rash, unusual weakness, bleeding and fever. This is because of the chances of Carbafen side effects such as life-threatening skin rash.
• Continue the Zepcar CR medication for the full length prescribed by the doctor.
• Pregnant women should not start or stop using Zepcar CR unless instructed by the doctor.
• Don’t get exposed to sunlight due to the risk of sunburn with Zepcar CR.
• Do not take grapefruit juice while using Zepcar CR.
1. What should I do if I miss a dose? If you forget to take the medication at the usual time, you must take it as soon as you remember. If it is time for the next dose, you must skip the missed dose. Do not take a double dose.
2. Are there any storage precautions for metformin? Store the medication at room temperature (25°C) and away from direct heat. Keep the drug out of reach of children.
3. Should I take vitamin B12 supplements with metformin? Long term use of metformin may cause vitamin B12 deficiency in few patients. You should consult your doc-or and discuss it. Do not take vitamin B12 supplements without your physician’s prescription.
4. Is metformin effective for the type 1 diabetes? No. Metformin is not effective for the treatment of type 1 or juvenile diabetes
5. What are the non-diabetic uses of metformin? Metformin is used to treat PCOS in women. You must discuss with your doctor before taking metformin for the condition. Pioglitazone
1. How should I take Pioglitazone medicine? You may take Pioglitazone either with food or before food. Take the medicine exactly as prescribed by your physician.
2. Can pioglitazone alone control blood sugar? No. Pioglitazone is a part of treatment for diabetes. It should be combined with a proper diet, physical exercise and weight management to control the sugar levels.
3. How to know if someone had overdose of pioglitazone? Overdose of pioglitazone produces symptoms such as stomach pain, confusion, severe weakness, blurred vision, and even seizures. If you notice these symptoms, call up for immediate medical help.
4. What is the affect of alcohol while using pioglitazone? Alcohol consumption further lowers the blood glucose while on pioglitazone medication and should be better avoided.
5. What is the dose of Pioglitazone drug for diabetes management? The usual dose of Pioglitazone given to control sugar levels in type 2 diabetes is about 15 mg or 30 mg, once daily. Picolinic Acid
1. In which condition Picolinic Acid is recommended? Picolinic Acid is recommended in Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, dementia in Parkinson’s disease, and head trauma.
2. Can alcohol be consumed while using Picolinic Acid? No. Do not use alcohol while using Picolinic Acid.
3. Is there any dietary restrictions while using Picolinic Acid? There is no dietary restriction while using Picolinic Acid, have a normal diet until suggested by a doctor.