Mericof Syrup 100 Ml
Dextromethorphan is used for the treatment of dry coughs (cough suppressant). Guaifenesin is used to treat symptoms associated with common cold, flu, and breathing problems, such as coughing and chest congestion. It is also used to thin and loosen mucus in the lungs to facilitate expectoration. Guaifenesin is an expectorant that increases the output of phlegm and bronchial secretions by reducing the thickness of mucus and adhesiveness. The increased flow of viscous secretions facilitates ciliary action and changes an unproductive and dry cough to the productive and less frequent cough. Chlorpheniramine is commonly used to treat the symptoms of cold, asthma and hay fever, such as sneezing, runny nose, itching, and watery eyes. Bromhexine is used to treat breathing difficulty due to excessive mucus in the air passages associated with respiratory tract infections.
How does the drug work?
Dextromethorphan belongs to a class of drugs called antitussives. Dextromethorphan works by decreasing activity in the part of the brain that triggers the cough reflexes, therefore it is known as a cough suppressant. Guaifenesin increases the efficacy of the mucociliary mechanism and helps remove accumulated secretions in the airway. Chlorpheniramine is classified under antihistamines. It blocks a chemical known as histamine, which is released by the body in response to an allergic reaction. Histamine is responsible for many symptoms of allergy. Bromhexine is classified under a group of medications known as expectorants or mucolytic agents. Bromhexine acts by thinning the mucus, which facilitates expectoration and relieves cough.
What are the common side effect?
The common side effects of dextromethorphan include nausea and vomiting, nervousness, drowsiness, dizziness, restlessness, lightheadedness, and stomach pain. The common reported side effects of guaifenesin are itching, rashes, hives, stomach pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. The common side effects of chlorpheniramine include nausea and vomiting, constipation, dry mouth, dry throat, dry skin, headache, drowsiness, and inability to empty the urinary bladder, loss of appetite, nasal congestion, and chest congestion. The common side effects of bromhexine include irritation in the ear, allergic skin rash, headache, and dizziness.
Important Information for use
• People with bone marrow depression should not use Zepcar CR medicine.
• Avoid the Zepcar CR drug if an allergic reaction was seen with an earlier use of carbamazepine.
• Do not take any other antidepressant drugs along with Carbafen tablet. If a MAO-inhibitor drug was used in the past 14 days, then do not take Zepcar CR.
• Call the doctor immediately in the case of skin rash, unusual weakness, bleeding and fever. This is because of the chances of Carbafen side effects such as life-threatening skin rash.
• Continue the Zepcar CR medication for the full length prescribed by the doctor.
• Pregnant women should not start or stop using Zepcar CR unless instructed by the doctor.
• Don’t get exposed to sunlight due to the risk of sunburn with Zepcar CR.
• Do not take grapefruit juice while using Zepcar CR.
1. Is dextromethorphan addictive? Yes, when taken in large doses than recommended it has addictive effects.
2. Is it safe to drive while taking dextromethorphan medication? No. Dextromethorphan has sedative effects therefore, it is recommended to avoid activities which require alertness.
3. What are the signs and symptoms of overdose? Overdose signs and symptoms may include feeling restless or nervous, seek immediate medical attention.
4. What if I missed a dose? Cough medicine is taken only as needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule.
5. Can I use dextromethorphan for a cough associated with asthma? Dextromethorphan is ineffective in treating cough that is caused by smoking, asthma, or emphysema. Guaifenesin
1. I am suffering from hypertension. Can I take guaifenesin? Patients suffering from hypertension should not take guaifenesin.
2. Can I take guaifenesin with NSAIDs? There are no known drug-drug interactions for NSAIDs and guaifenesin. However, consult the doctor before taking the drug.
3. Is guaifenesin safe for children? Children younger than 4 years should not take guaifenesin tablet.
4. How should I take guaifenesin drug? Use guaifenesin exactly as suggested by the doctor. Do not take larger or smaller doses or for longer period than recommended.
5. Can I consume alcohol while on guaifenesin? Limit the consumption of alcohol, as it may increase the risk of drowsiness. Chlorpheniramine
1. Why is it not safe to drive while taking chlorpheniramine? Chlorpheniramine can cause drowsiness or sedation which is a common side effect of most of the antihistaminics. So, it is not advised to take chlorpheniramine or any antihistaminics while driving.
2. Is chlorpheniramine safe in newborn? No, chlorpheniramine should not be used in premature or newborns. Please consult a physician before giving any medication to the newborn.
3. Is chlorpheniramine similar to Benadryl? No. Chlorpheniramine and Benadryl are two different drugs.
4. Can I take chlorpheniramine with ibuprofen? Yes, but, you must consult your doctor before taking the drug.
5. Is chlorpheniramine an over-the-counter medicine? No. Chlorpheniramine is available with a doctor’s prescription only. Bromhexine
1. Is bromhexine an antihistamine? No, bromhexine is not an antihistamine, it is a mucolytic.
2. I am experiencing irritation in the ear after taking thedrug, shall I stop the medication? Irritation in the ear is a common side effect of bromhexine, which weans off over time. If this irritation persists or worsens, consult your doctor.
3. Is it safe to take alcohol while taking the medication? No. It may worsen your side effects if taken with the drug.
4. Is bromhexine safe during pregnancy? Yes. Bromhexine is safe during pregnancy. However, consult your doctor before taking the medication.
5. What if I missed a dose of bromhexine? Bromhexine is usually taken when needed, so even if you miss a dose it may not cause any harm.